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Renal transplantation - immuno-suppressive regimens (adults) - NICE TAG TA85

1.1 Basiliximab or daclizumab, used as part of a calcineurin-inhibitor-based immunosuppressive regimen, are recommended as options for induction therapy in the prophylaxis of acute organ rejection in adults undergoing renal transplantation. The induction therapy (basiliximab or daclizumab) with the lowest acquisition cost should be used.

1.2 Tacrolimus is an alternative to ciclosporin when a calcineurin inhibitor is indicated as part of an initial or a maintenance immunosuppressive regimen in renal transplantation for adults. The initial choice of tacrolimus or ciclosporin should be based on the relative importance of their side-effect profiles for individual people.

1.3 Mycophenolate mofetil is recommended for adults as an option as part of an immunosuppressive regimen only:

  • where there is proven intolerance to calcineurin inhibitors, particularly nephrotoxicity leading to risk of chronic allograft dysfunction, or

  • in situations where there is a very high risk of nephrotoxicity necessitating minimisation or avoidance of a calcineurin inhibitor.

1.4 Sirolimus is recommended for adults as an option as part of an immunosuppressive regimen only in cases of proven intolerance to calcineurin inhibitors (including nephrotoxicity) necessitating complete withdrawal of these treatments.

1.5 These recommendations contain advice that may result in some medicines being prescribed outside the terms of their marketing authorisation. Clinicians prescribing these drugs should ensure that patients are aware of this, and that they consent to their use in such circumstances.

 

https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/TA85

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