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Arthritis (juvenile idiopathic) - etanercept - NICE TAG TA35

1.1 Etanercept is recommended for children aged 4 to 17 years with active polyarticular-course juvenile idiopathic arthritis whose condition has not responded adequately to, or who have proved intolerant of, methotrexate.

1.2 Etanercept should be prescribed in accordance with relevant sections of the British Paediatric Rheumatology Group (BPRG) protocol (see Appendix D), which sets out criteria for eligibility, definitions of failure of standard therapy, exclusion criteria and criteria for withdrawal of therapy. In particular, treatment should be withdrawn in the event of severe drug-related toxicity or because of lack of response at 6 months.

1.3 Initiation of etanercept therapy should only be undertaken by a consultant who regularly sees children and young people with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and who runs specialised paediatric rheumatology clinics. In addition, the prescribing centre should have a nurse specialist or an appropriately trained nurse who is able to teach children and parents injection techniques and who does this regularly. Follow up of treatment response and adverse events may be on a shared-care basis depending on local circumstances.

1.4 It is strongly recommended that all clinicians prescribing etanercept should (with the permission of the child and/or parent) register the child with the Biologics Registry established by the BPRG and forward information on dosage, outcome and toxicity on a quarterly basis.

1.5 There is currently no evidence to support treatment beyond 2 years and continuation of therapy is therefore contingent upon ongoing monitoring of disease activity and clinical effectiveness in individual cases.

https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/TA35

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